A Brief History of Bicycle - Reality Real | Knowledge

A Brief History of Bicycle

In this article, we'll explore a brief history of bicycle. The bicycle was invented by the French Minister of Public Roads in 1785.

Brief History of Bicycle

Brief History of Bicycle

In this article, we'll explore a brief history of bicycles. The bicycle was invented by the French Minister of Public Roads in 1785 and later patented in 1818. This self-propelled vehicle was called the 'bicycle à faible roue' (French for 'small wheel'). It held twelve wheels with pedals at both ends and one in the middle. The French suffered a major defeat in 1815 by the English at Waterloo. In that year, the French started using bicycles for military purposes.

The bicycle has been a means of transport since the early 19th century. Through the decades, design has shaped them, developed them for better performance, and enhanced them so that we can reach higher speeds. These human-powered vessels have served as the basis for the design for human-powered transport. But do you know who invented the bicycle? Or when was it first created?

In this article, we'll explore the history of the bicycle.

A brief history of Bicycle Point NO 1:

1: Who invented the first bicycle?

Bicycles have evolved over the past few hundred years, and it all started in 1817. German Baron Karl von Dreis designed a two-wheeled mechanism, one of the first bicycles. It was made from wood and had no pedals, brakes, or chain. The rider would get on the bicycle and kick with his feet to gain speed.

This invention got many names like; "Hobby Horse," "Running-Machine," and "Velocipede."

Drais is called the father of cycles.

A brief history of Bicycle Point NO 2:

2: When was the turning point in bicycle design?

Until the 1860s, the bicycle developed into the form we use today. French inventors Pierre Lalement, Pierre Michaux, and Ernest Michaux worked with pedals. In early designs, the pedal was attached to the front wheel, and these were known to us as penny-farthings.

The front wheel was much larger than the rear, and there were pedals at the front, with a smaller seat and handlebars. This design became known as the "Boneshaker" for its bumpy ride. These began in the 1870s–1880s and inspired establishing cycle clubs and competitive races. In 1884 the Englishman Thomas Stevens set out on a penny-farthing worldwide.

A brief history of Bicycle Point NO 3:

3: How did "Boneshaker" influence bicycle design?

Although penny-farthings were a turning point in developing bicycle design, they were difficult to ride. With the seat sitting at 4 feet (1.2 m), the bicycle was not only challenging to mount, but it was also unsafe if you fell. So in 1885, the English designer John Kemp Starley invented a "safety bicycle" called the Rover. This was a significant advance in bicycle design at the time.

The Safety Bicycle had similarly sized wheels and a chain drive, followed immediately by brakes and tires. This was the blueprint for what we call the bicycle today. In the 1890s, the bicycle became the latest fashion throughout Europe and America.

The first women's safety bicycle was launched in 1889, providing transport for all.The safety bicycle was a catalyst in designing human-powered transportation.

A brief history of Bicycle Point NO 4:

4: When was the bicycle invented?

Unicycles are one-wheeled bicycles, and not surprisingly, they were invented before two-wheeled bicycles. The first design for a bicycle was patented in 1869 and was based on the penny-farthing design. Cycling is quite tricky compared to two-wheeled bicycles and, hence, associated with entertainers. Mounting and riding a bicycle required skill because there were no handlebars to balance, and very few people could do it successfully.

5: Are electric bicycles a modern version of the safety bicycle?

You might think that electric bicycles are quite a modern adaptation to the original human-powered bicycles, but they are just as old! Soon after the safety bicycle design, development began in various bicycles. The first electric bicycle was patented on December 31, 1895, by American inventor Ogden Bolton Jr. This design had a 10-volt battery which would provide about 100 amps to the motor. In 1897 Hosea W. Libbey invented an electric bicycle with a double electric motor. The prototype for the "e-bike" was built in 1989 by the Japanese automotive company Yamaha. Electric bicycles continued to develop in the US for a few years, but not much progress was made until the 1990s.

6: Who invented the folding bicycle?

It was not until the early 20th century that people began to show interest in the folding bicycle concept. Danish engineer Mikel Pedersen invented the first folding bicycle in Britain in 1900. It was developed for the British Army, weighed 15 lb (6.8 kg), and had 24 (60 cm) wheels. Although it was intended for military use, it became popular. The design was the first of its kind; However, it did not fold but split into two parts. Pedersen's "folding and military" bicycles were phased out within 4 years of launch. In 1962, when Moulton released its "Stowaway" model of folding bicycles, these types of bicycles came back into fashion.

7: What are the types of bicycles?

Four different distinctive types of bicycles It is difficult to give numbers on the exact number of bicycle designs available today, as many brands produce bicycles worldwide. Some of the most common bicycles are mountain bicycles, road bicycles, cruisers, tandems, BMX bicycles, and many more. Bicycles are designed to suit specific terrain and weather as well as speed.

 You can find bicycles for any type or style of riding, and many companies will manufacture bicycles to suit your needs. Hundreds of bicycle designers and manufacturers worldwide and 15-20 million bicycles are sold in the US each year. The bicycle is an essential means of human-powered transportation. 

Without them, we would be dependent on walking, using trains or vehicles, limiting our travel. Not only are they an eco-friendly method, but they are also a great form of daily exercise.


The bicycle has been around for centuries and has seen its fair share of ups and downs. Ion: From being used as a means of transportation to simply being a fun hobby, it has had its share of achievements and failures. However, what is undeniable is that bicycles will always be an integral part of human history. Thanks for reading our blog post on the history of the bicycle! We hope you found it interesting!